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A Comprehensive Guide to Commonly Used Content Management Systems (CMS)

Yo what’s up readers! Welcome to our definitive guide on content management systems – or CMS for short. If you’re looking to build a website, you gotta choose the right CMS or your site will be janky. We’ll break down the most poppin’ open-source options to help you pick the perfect fit. Let’s get into it!

WordPress: The OG CMS Boss

With over 60% market share, WordPress dominates the CMS game. It’s the top choice for beginners and experts alike. The admin interface is simple enough for non-techies to figure out without wanting to rage quit. But it’s also powerful enough to run the largest news sites.

The secret sauce is the plugins. With over 55,000 free plugins and thousands of premium ones, you can customize and extend WordPress to do just about anything. Want social media integration? Ecommerce features? Forms and surveys? No problem fam, there’s a plugin for that.

WordPress can run sites both small and large. Big brands like Sony, Microsoft, and Walt Disney use WordPress yet it’s accessible enough for personal blogs. It powers over 35% of all websites – more than the next 9 CMS combined!

The theming system lets you control the look and feel with custom themes or premade ones. Changing themes is like getting a whole new outfit for your site. There’s thousands of free and paid themes out there with options for any niche.

With great power comes great responsibility. WordPress is an attractive target for hackers so security is crucial. But with good hosting, backups, and plugins like WordFence you can lock it down. Overall WordPress offers the best mix of ease of use and flexibility. The large community provides amazing support which is invaluable.

Joomla: The CMS Swiss Army Knife

Joomla is the jack of all trades in the CMS world. It bridges the gap between easy to use systems like WordPress and complex solutions like Drupal. Joomla gives you ultimate control over your content while still being accessible for CMS newbies.

The modular system lets you customize it to your needs. Extensions allow you to add ecommerce, social networks, galleries, calendars, and more. While not as vast as WordPress, the extension library still boasts over 7,000 options.

Building and managing your site is intuitive even for non-developers. But devs will love the code access and ACL for fine-grained user permissions. You can tweak it for optimal performance using built-in caching and compression.

Joomla is great for blogs, business sites, communities, and pretty much anything. The personalization options make it a versatile Swiss Army knife. Sites like Harvard, MTV, and Linux all use Joomla.

While powerful, Joomla does have a steeper learning curve than WordPress. But the Facebook-like interface makes up for it. If you need more complex capabilities than WordPress offers, give Joomla a look.

Drupal: Customization Monster for Large Sites

If you need to run a complex high-traffic site, Drupal is a top contender. It’s the most customizable CMS available and can scale to enterprise workloads. The White House, Warner Music, and over 1% of all websites use Drupal.

Developers will feel right at home with its modular architecture. Drupal calls its modules ‘components’ and has over 8,000 to choose from. Want a progress tracker for user goals? Real-time content collaboration? No sweat, components make it possible.

Drupal uses entity types and fields for ultimate flexibility when creating content structures. Content, users, comments – they’re all entities that can be customized with field types like text, dates, images, and so on.

The Views module lets you present content any way imaginable. For example, sort news articles by popularity across multiple content types. The possibilities are endless!

The downside is Drupal has a steep learning curve. Be prepared to invest time understanding its concepts and structure. Drupal skills are highly sought after for this reason. It’s overkill for simple sites but ideal for complex projects with custom requirements.

Magento: The Top Dog for Ecommerce

Want to sell stuff online? Magento is the top open-source ecommerce CMS out there. It offers enterprise-level features out of the box. Over 250,000 stores use Magento including heavy hitters like Nike, Rosetta Stone, and Lindt.

Magento 2 introduced major improvements in usability. The admin panel offers powerful merchandising and marketing tools for your store. Orders, inventory, content, and configurations can be managed from one place.

Running promotions and discounts is a breeze with built-in coupon and cart price rules. SEO and performance optimization comes baked in so your site will be speedy.

The default Magento theme looks a bit dated but the theming system lets you customize the look. There’s also hundreds of theme extensions available.

For large catalogs, Magento’s layered and faceted navigation helps customers filter products efficiently. Overall it’s the most scalable ecommerce platform available as an open source CMS.

But all that power comes at a price – Magento is resource intensive and complex. Many merchants rely on developers or agencies to implement and customize their stores. Still, for enterprise-level commerce, Magento is the clear leader.

Other Noteworthy CMS Options

The CMS world doesn’t end with the big names. Here’s a quick rundown of other open source systems worth a look:

  • TYPO3 – Powerful and complex CMS suitable for large enterprises. Has a steep learning curve.
  • ModX – Lightning fast CMS great for public facing sites needing flexibility.
  • Ghost – Blog-specific CMS focused on simplicity and ease of use.
  • Grav – Modern flat-file CMS good for small sites needing markdown support.
  • SilverStripe – Full featured CMS with visual editor and developer friendly code.
  • ProcessWire – Boasts a responsive admin and superb customization capabilities.
  • Pimcore – Focuses on structured data management for complex sites.
  • Umbraco – .NET based CMS with intuitive admin interface.
  • Liferay – Java based CMS oriented towards enterprise portals.

This just scratches the surface of the diverse CMS options out there today. Each has strengths in certain areas so review them to see if they fit your use case.

Let’s Recap

Phew, that was a lot to digest! Let’s recap the key points:

  • WordPress – Easiest to use, perfect for most uses cases, massive ecosystem.
  • Joomla – Very customizable and versatile for many site types.
  • Drupal – Most powerful and customizable but complex, great for large enterprise sites.
  • Magento – Leading ecommerce CMS, feature-rich but resource intensive.

The important thing is finding the CMS that aligns with your goals, budget, and abilities. Setting up a new site is just the first step. Maintenance, security, upgrades down the road are all crucial considerations.

Evaluate options like support, documentation, themes, extensions, and community. A CMS with an active community provides help when you inevitably get stuck!

Stay tuned – the CMS space evolves quickly! Bookmark our blog and follow us on Twitter to keep up with the latest developments. Hopefully this guide gave you some direction. Let us know if you have any other questions. We’re happy to help you navigate the jungle that is content management systems!

Peace Out

Thanks for reading! We know that was a lot of info so please hit us up with any CMS experiences or questions. What CMS is your go-to and why? Are there any hidden gems we should cover? Let us know in the comments or get in touch privately. We aim to provide the real scoop on all things web so your feedback is crucial! Until next time fam, geek out and keep building the future!